Arthur C Clarke Warned Us About The F-35 And Its Damning Costs

Illustration for article titled Arthur C Clarke Warned Us About The F-35 And Its Damning Costs

The fantastic and haunting short story "Superiority," written by the science fiction visionary Arthur C. Clarke in 1951, warns us about the opportunity cost of getting into a cycle of developing ever more complex and costly weaponry while sacrificing more numerous and proven systems in the process. It is an essay on numerical advantage, over-optimistic design goals, wanting to believe manufacturer excuses and the internal threat posed relying solely on exceedingly complex systems.

I first read this story in high school back in the late 1990s, and I remember my teacher saying it was mandatory reading at some of the best engineering colleges in the world. I had since forgotten about it until I was reminded of its existence a few years back from an Aviationintel reader. In retrospect I have a feeling that it may have influenced my thought processes more than I like to admit in regards to my writing.

Illustration for article titled Arthur C Clarke Warned Us About The F-35 And Its Damning Costs

The harsh reality is that this story could have been written today as a metaphor for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Program. This is especially true in regards to all of the affordable and proven systems that we are almost blindly sacrificing for it, and to some extent, for America's dependency on fragile infrastructure such as advanced datalinks and satellite networks. Even the F-35's never ending software delays and troublesome and potentially vulnerable Automated Logistics and Information System (ALIS) are eerily foreshadowed.

I find this work of prophecy to also be one of the best arguments for a flexible and affordable "high-low" military capabilities mix, as its lessons can be easily applied to other extremely high opportunity cost and high-complexity weapon systems.

Please take the time to read this short story as science fiction has always been a near-perfect inert medium for the controversial problems of the present to be highlighted and discussed freely. I would love to know your opinion on it in relation to the issues facing our military and geopolitical standing today.


Tyler Rogoway is a defense journalist and photographer that maintains the website Foxtrot Alpha for You can reach Tyler with story ideas or direct comments regarding this or any other defense topic via the email address

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You really don't like multi-role aircraft.